Positioning of the NLAGA

Over the past fifteen years, several initiatives for development of research in mathematics in sub-Saharan Africa have been initiated but much of them struggled in  reaching their goals because of the low number of active researchers in mathematics in the sub-region. Otherwise, a large majority of the population of sub-Saharan Africa are young people under 25. Mass education policies promoted by international organizations were promoted in many countries in the sub-region.

Various mass education policies led to a continuous increase of teaching needs and enrollment of students in the universities of the sub-region. Much of these universities were not prepared to accommodate to such a mass of students. Moreover, a small number of students were science majors and took fundamental math courses. One of the main reasons for this low rate of scientific graduates, is related to the shortage of mathematics teachers in the sub-region. As such, there were a deficit of mathematics researchers and teachers in the main sub-region's universities. In Senegal the creation of three new universities has been approved and all the countries in the region are implementing similar academic plans.

 

 

The influence of these new universities will depend on the quality of new Ph.D. graduates  but also on the scientific environment in which researchers and teachers will be trained. With the steady increase in the teaching needs and the necessity to promote research on Non Linear Analysis and Geometry and its Applications within sub-Saharan Africa, it appears crucial to create an efficient network in this field which provides an attractive and stimulating scientific environment for graduate students in West Africa. additionally, this network will sustain great opportunities for newly graduates to interact with high quality specialists working on problems directly related to this field.